Turkey’s 2020-21 academic year will begin in the first week of October 2020, with 781,165 new enrolled students. The total number of students in Turkish universities, including those studying on associate and undergraduate programmes, is currently around 8.5 million.
Students gain access to university in Turkey after sitting the Examination for Higher Education (YKS) upon graduation from high school. This year 2,436,958 candidates sat the YKS. Among the students placed on an undergraduate programme, 54.18% are female and 45.82% are male; and among those placed on an associate programme, 49.28% are female while 50.72% are male.
The number of students placed is determined by taking into account the following:
• Human resource needs analyses at national level and quota planning suggestions. These are made by the Advisory Board for Higher Education Programs, which includes representatives from the public and private sectors.
• The views of academics, including faculty staff members and lecturers.
• The previous student enrolment ratio of each department.
• Feedback from students.
• The dynamics of transition to higher education.
Increasing student numbers
Between 2006 and 2020, there has been an increase in the demand for higher education in Turkey, with the number of applicants rising by 45%. There has also been a 108% increase in the supply of higher education places. Access to higher education is growing – in the last three years total enrolment has increased year on year, with 696,288 students enrolled in 2017, 710,982 in 2018, 753,461 in 2019 and 781,165 in 2020.
In line with